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The Department of Cardiac Sciences at Anbu Hospital offers a comprehensive programme for the management of heart diseases serving patients of all ages. In addition to prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation we offer, beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting and keyhole surgery/minimally invasive valve replacement.

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  •   Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG) is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin.


  •   An echocardiogram often referred to as a cardiac echo or simply an echo, is a sonogram of the heart.


  •   Treadmill Test (TMT) is a test used in Cardiology to measure the heart’s ability to respond to external stress in a controlled clinical environment.

Holter Monitoring

  •   A Holter monitor is a portable device for continuously monitoring various electrical activities of the cardiovascular system for at least 24 hours (often for two weeks at a time).

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM)

  •   measures blood pressure at regular intervals during activity and rest. This record gives accurate information to your cardiologist on whether you really have elevated blood pressures throughout the day and night. It also informs your cardiologist how well your treatment for high blood pressure protects you.

Trans-esophageal Echocardiography (TEE)

  •   A trans-esophageal echocardiogram is an alternative way to perform an echocardiogram. A specialized probe containing an ultrasound transducer at its tip is passed into the patient's oesophagus to examine the heart in greater detail as the heart is in front and very close to our food pipe.

Stress ECHO

  •   A stress echocardiogram also known as a stress echo, uses ultrasound imaging of the heart to assess the wall motion in response to physical or pharmacological stress.


  •   Coronary angiography is a procedure that uses a special dye (contrast material) and x-rays to assess the blood flow through the arteries in the heart.

FFR (Fractional Flow Reserve Assessment)

  •   Fractional flow reserve (FFR) assessment involves determining the ratio between the maximum achievable blood flow in a diseased coronary artery and the theoretical maximum flow in a normal coronary artery.

Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS)

  •   Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a diagnostic test. This test uses sound waves to see inside blood vessels. It is useful for evaluating the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscles.

Pacemaker Implantation

  •   A pacemaker is an electrically-charged medical device. A pacemaker is needed if the heart pumps too quickly or slowly. The cardiologist implants it under the skin to help manage slow or irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias.

Biventricular pacemaker Implantation (CRT)

  •   A biventricular pacemaker is a special pacemaker used for cardiac resynchronisation therapy in heart failure patients

Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD)

  •   An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) or automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) is a device implantable inside the body, that is able to perform cardioversion, defibrillation, and pacing of the heart.

Angioplasty (PCI) and Stenting

  •   Angioplasty is a minimally invasive endovascular procedure to widen narrowed or obstructed arteries or veins using an inflatable balloon, typically to treat arterial atherosclerosis. There after a stent may be placed as a scaffolding to make sure that the blood vessel does not narrow and get obstructed again.

OCT guided angioplasty

  •   OCT guided angioplasty optical coherence tomography is the latest technology, beyond conventional contrast guided angiography, used in excellent imaging of the coronary arteries from inside the artery using near-infra-red light source delivered via an optical fibre positioned inside the artery of interest.


  •   A rotablator is a small drill with a burr on the end that is coated in diamond dust. The rotablator is small enough to fit in an artery and strong enough to drill through the calcified plaque without any damage to the artery walls.

Beating Heart Bypass Surgery

  •   Beating heart bypass surgery is also called Off-Pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB). Both OPCAB and conventional on-pump surgery restore blood flow to the heart and are offered at Anbu Hospitals.

Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery

  •   In minimally invasive heart surgery, cardiac surgeons perform heart surgery through small incisions in the right side of your chest, as an alternative to open-heart surgery.

Valve Repair

  •   Valve repair diseases can damage heart valves to various extents. Some can be repaired but most may need replacement with a mechanical or bioprosthetic valve. Valve Repair can usually be done on congenital heart valve defects and this procedure has a good record of success. These major surgeries are undertaken with great precision, skill and safety at Anbu Hospitals.
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